Dividends are paid out of company profits on which the company has already paid or is due to pay Corporation Tax. As of 6th April 2016, dividend tax credits have ceased to exist and will be replaced by a £5,000 tax-free allowance and a new dividend taxation system.
The Dividend Allowance means that you won’t have to pay tax on the first £5,000 of your dividend income, no matter what non-dividend income you have. However, the Dividend Allowance will not reduce your total income for tax purposes.
How the tax on dividends is calculated
You’ll pay tax on any dividends you receive over £5,000 at the following rates:
Dividends within your allowance will still count towards your basic or higher rate bands, and may therefore affect the rate of tax that you pay on dividends you receive in excess of the £5,000 allowance.
The tax is payable by individuals (not the company) receiving dividend income. The tax is calculated on your individual Self Assessment Tax Return and needs to be paid before the 31 January deadline following the tax year end. There is no National Insurance Contributions (NICs) payable on dividends.
For someone receiving a non-dividend income of £18,000 (i.e. salary) and dividends of £22,000. Note the total income (£40,000) is still below the higher rate tax threshold.
- On the £18,000 non-dividend income:
- £11,500 is covered by the Personal Allowance
- The remaining £7,000 is taxed as the Basic Rate
- Of the £22,000 dividend income:
- The Dividend Allowance covers the first £5,000
- The remaining £17,000 of dividends will be taxed at the Basic Rate